This is where the battle-lines get blurry. The war has displaced more than 11 million Syrians from their homelands, and claimed the lives of at least 250,000 people. Nominated. It certainly started as an uprising of Syrian citizens. Video, Solar energy empowers young women in Yemen, Eric Trump hits out at MSPs in wealth debate, India says Rihanna tweet on farmers 'irresponsible', Influencers told not to use 'misleading' filters, Jeff Bezos to step down as Amazon chief executive, British man facing jail flees Iran over mountains, Google co-founder sets up family firm in Singapore, Two FBI agents shot dead during Florida raid. "The enemy of my enemy is my friend," is a saying that doesn't apply in Syria. Iran has proposed a peaceful transition in Syria that would culminate in free, multi-party elections. What do we know about China's Covid-19 vaccines? Lots of other countries are taking part, including the UK, France, Jordan and several Gulf States. © 2021 BBC. Their rights were limited however. Some of most powerful countries in the world are involved. Turkey agreed to let the US-led coalition against IS to use its air bases for strikes on Syria after an IS bomb attack in July 2015. At this point, it's also worth noting that although the US supports some rebel groups, it had not intentionally attacked the Syrian government directly until Friday, when it fired missiles at an airbase used in an alleged chemical attack. They have benefitted from considerable military support from the US, which sees them as one of most effective anti-IS forces on the ground. More quiz info >> First submitted: December 6, 2017: Times taken: 540: Rating: 2.80: Study showing vaccine slows virus spread 'superb', Uighur camp detainees allege systematic rape, Racial Impostor Syndrome: When you feel like a fake. (Russia, Britain, France, United States, Australia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq, Israel). The Turkish government has been a staunch critic of Mr Assad since the start of the uprising in Syria. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. In July 2011, defectors from the military as well as Syrian civilians formed the Free Syrian Army, a … With the exception of Israel, every foreign actor involved in Syria picked a side in the struggle between President Bashar al-Assad and the armed opposition to his regime. An anti-Assad bloc consisting of Qatar, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia formed in the last half of 2011. More countries are involved in this conflict including several terrorist groups like ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra. Countries involved in Syrian Civil War. The conflict in Syria has drawn in major global powers, supporting and opposing President Bashar al-Assad and the myriad rebel groups ranged against him. Russia has military interests in Syria, including its only Mediterranean naval base and an airbase in Latakia province. But it agrees on the need for a negotiated settlement to end the war and the formation of a transitional administration. The Security Council takes the lead on political action on Syria. The civilian protests soon transformed into an armed rebellion, and escalated into the Syrian Civil War of the present day. Rate: Nominate. Its involvement in Syria’s civil war, though, has implicated the group in Assad’s killing of civilians and political repression, eroding its popularity in the Arab world. BBC Culture: The ultimate French style icon? But in the last two years it been more focused on the battle against IS, and President Donald Trump suggested only days before Friday's missile strike that getting Mr Assad to leave power was no longer a priority for him. VideoSolar energy empowers young women in Yemen, The near-death experience still shaping a 'future champion'. A programme to train and arm 5,000 Syrian rebels to take the fight to IS on the ground has suffered embarrassing setbacks, with few having even reached the frontline. They took to the streets in 2011 to demand democracy and an end to corruption, and their opposition to the government of President Bashar al-Assad quickly spiralled into a war. To prevent Syrian Kurds establishing a contiguous autonomous region along its border, Turkey has carried out air strikes on the YPG and backed a Syrian rebel offensive that drove IS out of the last bit of territory not controlled by the YPG. Different foreign states often back different rebel factions. Moscow wants to protect a key naval facility which it leases at the Syrian port of Tartous, which serves as Russia's sole Mediterranean base for its Black Sea fleet, and has forces at an air base in Latakia, President Assad's Shia Alawite heartland. So think about it like this: Syrian rebels (and their backers) are fighting the Syrian government (and their backers), and both sides are fighting IS. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Over a dozen countries are “involved” in the Syrian war in one way or another. Basically, Turkey sees the Kurdish Popular Protection Units (YPG) militia in Syria as an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has been fighting the Turkish military for decades. This added a fourth dimension to the widening conflict. Mr Assad is Iran's closest Arab ally and Syria is the main transit point for Iranian weapons shipments to the Lebanese Shia Islamist movement, Hezbollah. Factbox: Who's Involved in Libya's War and Why By Reuters , Wire Service Content May 29, 2020 By Reuters , Wire Service Content May 29, 2020, at 8:55 a.m. China blocks UN condemnation of Myanmar coup. Iran sees Mr Assad, a member of the heterodox Shia Alawite sect, as its closest Arab ally. The Syrian government and Russia are also bombing IS, but separately to the US-led coalition. The Syrian refugee crisis refers to the humanitarian emergency resulting from the Syrian civil war that began March 15, 2011. In 2017, the 15-member body discussed Syria 33 times – the most frequent topic – in informal consultations. Solar energy empowers young women in Yemen. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Solar energy empowers young women in Yemen. The conflict in Syria has drawn in major global powers, supporting and opposing President Bashar al-Assad and the myriad rebel groups ranged against him. In late 2015 the first American ground troops entered Syria — initially 50, growing to the current official total of about 2,000. The Syrian Civil War is an ideological step in the right direction for the region, but its negative impacts have seemed to outweigh the positive ones for other countries. Basically, IS exploited the war in Syria to carve out a large part of the country for the "caliphate" whose creation it proclaimed three years ago. In September 2015 Russia began launching air strikes against rebels, saying the so-called Islamic State (IS) and "all terrorists" were targets. But those were targeting IS militants as part of an international campaign that began in September 2014. The conflict in Syria is along sectarian lines, with the majority Sunni party backed by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey, and the Shia Alawite party led by Assad backed by Iran and Russia. Civil War in Syria . Read about our approach to external linking. President Vladimir Putin has though said that only a political solution can end the conflict. And that’s for rule over just a part of Syria. Delhi's 'war-like fortification' against farmers, Racial Impostor Syndrome: When you feel like a fake, What to expect from the Golden Globe nominations, Migrant girl held by US for 531 days and counting. Turkey: Turkey, one of Syria's border countries, has felt the impacts of the Syrian Civil War more than any other country involved. Lots of other countries are taking part, including the UK, France, Jordan and several Gulf States. Big superpowers like Russia and the United States have put military efforts into Syria. But if you look at today's headlines, it's clear that what is happening today in Syria is far more complex. Countries including United States, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, France and Britain hold the Syrian government headed by Assad responsible for widespread atrocities and firmly believe that the president can never be part of the solution. 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